Stellarium  0.22.1
Plugins

Introduction

Plugins are extensions to Stellarium. They are potentially more powerful than scripts, but are more difficult to write and maintain. Unlike scripts, plugins must be compiled for a specific platform, and will typically only be compatible with a particular version of Stellarium.

We hope that the plugin system will allow third party developers to write extensions to Stellarium which might not otherwise be included in the core program, and that the system will allow for prototyping of new features before inclusion into the core.

Static and Dynamic Plugins

Plugins can be built and used in two different ways:

  • dynamic plugins are stand-alone dynamic libraries (separate files with .so extension on Linux, .dll in Windows or .dylib on Mac OS X) that are loaded at run-time (on start-up) by Stellarium. This allows dynamic plugins to be distributed separately from Stellarium.
  • static plugins are linked statically at build-time. They become "built-in", a part of Stellarium's binary files. This is used to release fixed versions of some "official" plugins together with Stellarium's releases.

As Stellarium's plugin interface has changed over time, plugins for different versions so far are not interchangeable. This is the reason why the official plugins have been linked statically to the official release.

Static plugins require changes in the core code of Stellarium (the addition of Qt macros in several classes). This is why adding a new static plugin requires either asking the developers to add it to the main distribution, or creating and distributing a custom build.

Dynamic plugin libriaries need to be installed in a proper place in Stellarium's file tree to function. Stellarium is looking for plugins in the /modules subdirectory of the user data directory or the installation data directory. Each plugin library must be in its own subdiretory of the /modules directory. If the plugin is called "MyPlugin", then its subdirectory should be also called /MyPlugin and the main name (without the extension) of the plugin binary file should be libMyPlugin. So, for example, the file tree should look like this on Windows XP:

  • C:/Documents and Settings/User/Application Data/Stellarium/ (user data directory)
    • modules/
      • MyPlugin/
        • libMyPlugin.dll

On Windows 7 and later, this would be:

  • C:/Users/<YOU>/AppData/Roaming/Stellarium/ (user data directory)
    • modules/
      • MyPlugin/
        • libMyPlugin.dll

See the implementation of StelModuleMgr::getPluginsList() for more details.

List of Static Plugins

You can find some details for static plugins in each item of the list of plugins:

You can find some untechnical details on our wiki Plugins page.

Coding

A plugin should contain a main class deriving from the StelModule class as well as an instance of the StelPluginInterface which allows Stellarium to load it. At startup, the StelModuleMgr will load the library, and an instance of the StelModule it contains will be instantiated and added to the list of other "normal" StelModules.

A plugin can interact with the users in many ways, not limited to:

  • painting directly on the viewport like other StelModules (see the examples below);
  • defining QActions triggered with keyboard shortcut combinations with StelGui::addGuiActions();
  • buttons (StelButton) added to the bottom button bar (BottomStelBar; see the examples below);
  • windows (subclasses of StelDialog) that can be designed with Qt's UI editor (see the examples and the configuration windows of the official plugins);
  • custom controls displayed anywhere on the screen based on any of the classes that inherit QGraphicsItem (see the documentation of Qt's Graphics View Framework). To get a base widget to work on, use StelGui::getSkyGui().

Plugin developers - please note that classes used in plugins must inherit code from the core which is published under the GNU GPL. If you distribute a binary plugin, you must do so under the terms of the same GNU General Public License that Stellarium uses (as of August 2011, this is GNU GPL "version 2 or any later version"). No sneaky closed-source shenanigans now.

Example Plugins

There are a few simple static plugins written and maintained by the Stellarium developer team that can serve as examples.

All static plugins incorporated in Stellarium's main code can be found in the /plugins subdirectory of Stellarium's code tree. Note that some of these plugins are under construction and have not been distributed yet with an official release.

There are also an example of simple dynamic plugin:

  • StellariumPluginTemplate provides an example on how a plugin can create a Stellarium-style window and how it can draw on the viewport.

VirGO is a fully featured extension to Stellarium sponsored by ESO. VirGO is used by professional astronomers to display and analyse data from the ESO archive. Follow the link for more information.

Building Plugins

Note: The following section is mostly out of date. It applies to dynamic plugins.

The following instructions can be used to build the Angle Measure plugin and the Compass Marks plugin.

  • First, you will need to download the Stellarium source code from SVN, according to the instructions in the Stellarium build pages (see this page for *nix systems, and this page for Windows builds). For the rest of this discussion, I will assume you downloaded the source code in the directory /home/me/builds/stellarium. If you put the source code somewhere else, you will need to modify the following instructions accordingly.

  • After downloading the stellarium source such that it is in /home/me/builds/stellarium, change into the /home/me/builds directory and fetch the extmodules files from SVN. On Linux, you can use these commands to accomplish this:

    cd /home/me/builds
    git clone https://github.com/Stellarium/stellarium-dynamic-plugin.git
    

  • Build the main Stellarium program according to the instructions for your platform. Please note that you must build with the Release settings, not the Debug settings. You can do this by adding a step after doing cmake. On Windows, use the cmakegui tool, or on *nix use the ccmake tool (or just edit the CMakeCache.txt file) to set the value of CMAKE_BUILD_TYPE to Release. Then continue with the make stage.

  • Set an environment variable called STELROOT which contains the path to the Stellarium source code.

    export STELROOT=/home/me/builds/stellarium
    

  • Change into the directory containing the plugin you want to build, then create a build directory. On *nix systems this should be called builds/unix, on Windows it should be called builds/msys. Once made, change into it. e.g. on Linux:

    cd /home/me/builds/stellarium-dynamic-plugin
    mkdir -p builds/unix
    cd builds/unix
    

  • The rest of the build procedure should be simple
    • On *nix systems:
       cmake ../..
       make
       make install
      
    • On Windows:
       cmake -G "MSYS Makefiles" ../..
       make
      

To install the plugin on Linux systems, simple add a make install command after the make. This will copy the necessary files to $HOME/.stellarium/modules/AngleMeasure.

To install a plugin on Windows or OSX, you should locate the User Data Directory, and then create a sub-directory called modules in it. Inside this, create a subdirectory named for the plugin, e.g. AngleMeasure. Into this directory, you should copy the following files:

  • module.ini file from the plugin source directory.
  • lib<plugin-name>.so or lib<plugin-name>.dll from the src sub-directory of the builds/unix or builds/msys directory in the plugin source directory.
  • Any other files which are needed for the plugin (there are no others for the example plugins at time of writing).