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As of version 0.8.1, Stellarium contains 4 different sets of sky cultures: Western, Chinese, Ancient Egyptian, and Polynesian.
 
As of version 0.8.1, Stellarium contains 4 different sets of sky cultures: Western, Chinese, Ancient Egyptian, and Polynesian.
  
==Western==
+
==서양==
 
Like other cultural categories as well, Western sky culture remains the dominant sky culture in modern-day astronomy.
 
Like other cultural categories as well, Western sky culture remains the dominant sky culture in modern-day astronomy.
  
===Constellations===
+
===별자리===
 
The Western culture divides the celestial sphere into 88 areas of various sizes called ''constellations'', each with precise boundary, issued by the International Astronomical Union. These constellations have become the standard way to describe the sky, replacing similar sets in other sky cultures exhaustively in daily usage.
 
The Western culture divides the celestial sphere into 88 areas of various sizes called ''constellations'', each with precise boundary, issued by the International Astronomical Union. These constellations have become the standard way to describe the sky, replacing similar sets in other sky cultures exhaustively in daily usage.
  
===Star names===
+
===별이름===
 
Most of traditional western star names came from Arabic. In astronomy, Bayer/Flamsteed designations and other star catalogues are widely used instead of traditional names except few cases where the traditional names are more famous than the designations.
 
Most of traditional western star names came from Arabic. In astronomy, Bayer/Flamsteed designations and other star catalogues are widely used instead of traditional names except few cases where the traditional names are more famous than the designations.
  
===Alternative asterism files for Stellarium===
+
===스텔라리움의 또 다른 별자리===
 
Asterisms by H.A. Rey, from his book "The Stars: A New Way To See Them", by [http://sourceforge.net/users/tleemans/ tleemans]
 
Asterisms by H.A. Rey, from his book "The Stars: A New Way To See Them", by [http://sourceforge.net/users/tleemans/ tleemans]
  
 
[http://sourceforge.net/tracker/download.php?group_id=48857&atid=454375&file_id=117135&aid=1109398 Download this constellationship.fab file]
 
[http://sourceforge.net/tracker/download.php?group_id=48857&atid=454375&file_id=117135&aid=1109398 Download this constellationship.fab file]
  
===External links===
+
===외부 링크===
 
* [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Constellation Constellation] article at Wikipedia
 
* [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Constellation Constellation] article at Wikipedia
 
* [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Star_catalogue Star Catalogue] article at Wikipedia
 
* [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Star_catalogue Star Catalogue] article at Wikipedia
 
* [http://hubblesource.stsci.edu/sources/illustrations/constellations/ Constellation image library] of the U.S. Naval Observatory and the Space Telescope Science Institute. Johannes Hevelius Engravings.  
 
* [http://hubblesource.stsci.edu/sources/illustrations/constellations/ Constellation image library] of the U.S. Naval Observatory and the Space Telescope Science Institute. Johannes Hevelius Engravings.  
  
==Chinese==
+
==동양==
 +
===별자리===
 +
===별이름===
 +
===천상열차분야지도===
 +
==한국==
 +
==중국==
 
The Chinese culture keeps one of the most detailed observation data of the celestial before 18th century, when Western astronomy began having breakthrough discoveries with the help of scientific method.
 
The Chinese culture keeps one of the most detailed observation data of the celestial before 18th century, when Western astronomy began having breakthrough discoveries with the help of scientific method.
  
 
Stellarium currently provides roughly one third of Chinese Xingguan (Chinese: 星官; pinyin: xīngguān) sets, and is without any Chinese star names. A project conducted by community member [[User:Gsklee|G.S.K.Lee]] is now underway to construct a complete Chinese sky culture set for Stellarium based on the information inside Yixiangkaocheng (Chinese: 儀象考成; pinyin: yíxiàngkǎochéng), an imperial record of astronomy finished in 1756, which is the major reference to the traditional Chinese Xingguans and star names used today.
 
Stellarium currently provides roughly one third of Chinese Xingguan (Chinese: 星官; pinyin: xīngguān) sets, and is without any Chinese star names. A project conducted by community member [[User:Gsklee|G.S.K.Lee]] is now underway to construct a complete Chinese sky culture set for Stellarium based on the information inside Yixiangkaocheng (Chinese: 儀象考成; pinyin: yíxiàngkǎochéng), an imperial record of astronomy finished in 1756, which is the major reference to the traditional Chinese Xingguans and star names used today.
  
===Xingguans===
+
===성관===
 
The major difference between Xingguan and constellation is that while constellation refers to a definite area upon the celestial sphere, Xingguan only refers to a pattern of stars. Its closest term in Western culture might be asterism, though unlike asterisms, Xingguans have their official status. The number of Xingguan varies along different eras of Chinese history; new Xingguans were made when fainter stars were observed, and some old Xingguans were abolished when the pattern could no longer be observed (mainly due to proper motions). Xingguans near southern celestial pole were created following the introdution of Western constellations into China by Catholic missionaries.
 
The major difference between Xingguan and constellation is that while constellation refers to a definite area upon the celestial sphere, Xingguan only refers to a pattern of stars. Its closest term in Western culture might be asterism, though unlike asterisms, Xingguans have their official status. The number of Xingguan varies along different eras of Chinese history; new Xingguans were made when fainter stars were observed, and some old Xingguans were abolished when the pattern could no longer be observed (mainly due to proper motions). Xingguans near southern celestial pole were created following the introdution of Western constellations into China by Catholic missionaries.
  
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Edged out by Western constellations, Xingguans were no longer in active usage today by the Chinese.
 
Edged out by Western constellations, Xingguans were no longer in active usage today by the Chinese.
  
===Star names===
+
===별이름===
 
Traditional Chinese star names were given with a systematical method, by combining the name of Xingguan this star is in with a number, usually reflecting the star's position within this Xingguan. When fainter stars where observed with better instruments in the era of Yixiangkaocheng, they were named by combining the name of Xingguan this star is nearest to with an augmentation number.
 
Traditional Chinese star names were given with a systematical method, by combining the name of Xingguan this star is in with a number, usually reflecting the star's position within this Xingguan. When fainter stars where observed with better instruments in the era of Yixiangkaocheng, they were named by combining the name of Xingguan this star is nearest to with an augmentation number.
  
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Unlike Xingguans, traditional Chinese star names are still in common usage today, even more common than Bayer/Flamsteed designations.
 
Unlike Xingguans, traditional Chinese star names are still in common usage today, even more common than Bayer/Flamsteed designations.
  
===Xingguan arts===
+
===성관과 별자리 그림===
 
Traditionally, Chinese do not have similar expressions like constellation arts in the Western cultures. If any, ''clouds'' were sometimes added to each Xingguan's background on the starcharts in astrology books, but seldom be seen inside astronomically oriented works.
 
Traditionally, Chinese do not have similar expressions like constellation arts in the Western cultures. If any, ''clouds'' were sometimes added to each Xingguan's background on the starcharts in astrology books, but seldom be seen inside astronomically oriented works.
  
 
*Perhaps it would be a good idea to indicate the extent of the four symbols with Xingguan arts?
 
*Perhaps it would be a good idea to indicate the extent of the four symbols with Xingguan arts?
  
===Xingguan boundaries===
+
===성관과 별자리 경계===
 
As stated, Xingguans are not related with areas, hence they have no definite boundaries.
 
As stated, Xingguans are not related with areas, hence they have no definite boundaries.
  
===Project Status===
+
===프로젝트 상태===
 
*constellation_names.fab: Chinese: Completed; English translations: Incomplete.
 
*constellation_names.fab: Chinese: Completed; English translations: Incomplete.
 
*star_names.fab: 228 out of 3083 stars have been entered into the conversion list.
 
*star_names.fab: 228 out of 3083 stars have been entered into the conversion list.
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An under development screenshot.</center>
 
An under development screenshot.</center>
  
===External links===
+
===외부 링크===
 
* [http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Category:Ancient_Chinese_Astronomy Yixiangkaocheng] at Wikimedia Commons
 
* [http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Category:Ancient_Chinese_Astronomy Yixiangkaocheng] at Wikimedia Commons
 
* [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ferdinand_Verbiest Ferdinand Verbiest] at Wikipedia
 
* [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ferdinand_Verbiest Ferdinand Verbiest] at Wikipedia
  
==Ancient Egypt==
+
==일본==
 +
==고대 이집트==
 
  Some developers need to come here and explain to us where they got those ambiguous constellation<br>names which beat the translators to the ground, doh.
 
  Some developers need to come here and explain to us where they got those ambiguous constellation<br>names which beat the translators to the ground, doh.
  
==Polynesian==
+
==폴리네시안==
 
The Polynesian people used to utilize some constellations which helped them navigating through the Pacific Ocean. The mythology behind these constellations are majorly linked with the sea as well.
 
The Polynesian people used to utilize some constellations which helped them navigating through the Pacific Ocean. The mythology behind these constellations are majorly linked with the sea as well.
===External links===
+
===외부 링크===
 
* [http://www.pvs-hawaii.com/navigation/course.htm Polynesian Constellations] at Polynesian Voyaging Society
 
* [http://www.pvs-hawaii.com/navigation/course.htm Polynesian Constellations] at Polynesian Voyaging Society

Latest revision as of 22:10, 24 September 2006

Sky culture is a term used by Stellarium referring to the way a culture describing the sky and celestial objects. In the field of astronomy, the point of concern about a sky culture is how stars are named and related to each other within this culture.

As of version 0.8.1, Stellarium contains 4 different sets of sky cultures: Western, Chinese, Ancient Egyptian, and Polynesian.

Contents

서양

Like other cultural categories as well, Western sky culture remains the dominant sky culture in modern-day astronomy.

별자리

The Western culture divides the celestial sphere into 88 areas of various sizes called constellations, each with precise boundary, issued by the International Astronomical Union. These constellations have become the standard way to describe the sky, replacing similar sets in other sky cultures exhaustively in daily usage.

별이름

Most of traditional western star names came from Arabic. In astronomy, Bayer/Flamsteed designations and other star catalogues are widely used instead of traditional names except few cases where the traditional names are more famous than the designations.

스텔라리움의 또 다른 별자리

Asterisms by H.A. Rey, from his book "The Stars: A New Way To See Them", by tleemans

Download this constellationship.fab file

외부 링크

동양

별자리

별이름

천상열차분야지도

한국

중국

The Chinese culture keeps one of the most detailed observation data of the celestial before 18th century, when Western astronomy began having breakthrough discoveries with the help of scientific method.

Stellarium currently provides roughly one third of Chinese Xingguan (Chinese: 星官; pinyin: xīngguān) sets, and is without any Chinese star names. A project conducted by community member G.S.K.Lee is now underway to construct a complete Chinese sky culture set for Stellarium based on the information inside Yixiangkaocheng (Chinese: 儀象考成; pinyin: yíxiàngkǎochéng), an imperial record of astronomy finished in 1756, which is the major reference to the traditional Chinese Xingguans and star names used today.

성관

The major difference between Xingguan and constellation is that while constellation refers to a definite area upon the celestial sphere, Xingguan only refers to a pattern of stars. Its closest term in Western culture might be asterism, though unlike asterisms, Xingguans have their official status. The number of Xingguan varies along different eras of Chinese history; new Xingguans were made when fainter stars were observed, and some old Xingguans were abolished when the pattern could no longer be observed (mainly due to proper motions). Xingguans near southern celestial pole were created following the introdution of Western constellations into China by Catholic missionaries.

Yixiangkaocheng has 300 Xingguans in total.

Edged out by Western constellations, Xingguans were no longer in active usage today by the Chinese.

별이름

Traditional Chinese star names were given with a systematical method, by combining the name of Xingguan this star is in with a number, usually reflecting the star's position within this Xingguan. When fainter stars where observed with better instruments in the era of Yixiangkaocheng, they were named by combining the name of Xingguan this star is nearest to with an augmentation number.

Yixiangkaocheng has 3083 Xingguans in total. A complete list which corresponding all 3083 stars into any modern star catalogues or designations is yet to exist.

Unlike Xingguans, traditional Chinese star names are still in common usage today, even more common than Bayer/Flamsteed designations.

성관과 별자리 그림

Traditionally, Chinese do not have similar expressions like constellation arts in the Western cultures. If any, clouds were sometimes added to each Xingguan's background on the starcharts in astrology books, but seldom be seen inside astronomically oriented works.

  • Perhaps it would be a good idea to indicate the extent of the four symbols with Xingguan arts?

성관과 별자리 경계

As stated, Xingguans are not related with areas, hence they have no definite boundaries.

프로젝트 상태

  • constellation_names.fab: Chinese: Completed; English translations: Incomplete.
  • star_names.fab: 228 out of 3083 stars have been entered into the conversion list.
  • constellationship.fab: (Major star names need to be completed first)
stellariumchinese17565sg.png
An under development screenshot.

외부 링크

일본

고대 이집트

Some developers need to come here and explain to us where they got those ambiguous constellation
names which beat the translators to the ground, doh.

폴리네시안

The Polynesian people used to utilize some constellations which helped them navigating through the Pacific Ocean. The mythology behind these constellations are majorly linked with the sea as well.

외부 링크

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