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appeared long time after the creation of their astrology), the appeared long time after the creation of their astrology), the
Mongolians have attributed one of the five planets for each day of the Mongolians have attributed one of the five planets for each day of the
week, completing with the Sun (<em>Nar</em>) for Sunday and the Moon week, completing with the Sun (<em>Nar</em>) for Sunday and the Moon
(<em>Sar</em>) for Monday. The names of the Solar System's planets and (<em>Sar</em>) for Monday. The names of the Solar System's planets and
Pluto have some peculiarities in Mongolian. Mercury is named Pluto have some peculiarities in Mongolian. Mercury is named
<em>Bud</em> (associated with Wednesday), Venus, <em>Sugar</em> <em>Bud</em> (associated with Wednesday), Venus, <em>Sugar</em>
(associated with Friday), the Earth, <em>Delkhii</em>, Mars, (associated with Friday), the Earth, <em>Delkhii</em>, Mars,
<em>Angarag</em> (associated with Tuesday), Jupiter, <em>Angarag</em> (associated with Tuesday), Jupiter,
<em>Barhasbadi</em> (associated with Thursday), Saturn, <em>Barhasbadi</em> (associated with Thursday), Saturn,
<em>Sanchir</em> (associated with Saturday), Uranus, <em>Sanchir</em> (associated with Saturday), Uranus,
<em>Tengeriin-van</em>, Neptun, <em>Dalai-van</em> and at last Pluto, <em>Tengeriin-van</em>, Neptune, <em>Dalai-van</em> and at last Pluto,
<em>Dalkhii-van</em>. We can see that the three last, invisible to the <em>Dalkhii-van</em>. We can see that the three last, invisible to the
naked eye and discovered long time after the others, have the naked eye and discovered long time after the others, have the
characteristic to have the particle <em>-van</em> at the end of the characteristic to have the particle <em>-van</em> at the end of the
name, indicating the princely status in Mongolian. Earth and Pluto name, indicating the princely status in Mongolian. Earth and Pluto
are named similarly, except that this last one has this particle. It are named similarly, except that this last one has this particle. It
is possible to translate from Mongolian Pluto like "The princely is possible to translate from Mongolian Pluto like "The princely
ground" (ground and not Earth because it means here the surface on ground" (ground and not Earth because it means here the surface on
which we walk, not the Earth. Uranus, <em>Tengeriin-van</em>, could be which we walk, not the Earth. Uranus, <em>Tengeriin-van</em>, could be
translated as "princely sky", and Neptun, <em>Dalai-van</em>, as the translated as "princely sky", and Neptun, <em>Dalai-van</em>, as the
"princely ocean". Nevertheless, this particle has no real equivalent "princely ocean". Nevertheless, this particle has no real equivalent
in English, and translations above are presented to give an idea of in English, and translations above are presented to give an idea of
the planets name's meaning. However, the names of the celestial bodies the planets name's meaning. However, the names of the celestial bodies
specified here come from Sanskrit (language spoken in India) and are specified here come from Sanskrit (language spoken in India) and are
largely used in the current language in Mongolia but in an inofficial largely used in the current language in Mongolia but in an unofficial
way. </p> way. </p>
<p> It is also very interesting to see the tight link between terms <p> It is also very interesting to see the tight link between terms
designating other celestial bodies and their beliefs: indeed, designating other celestial bodies and their beliefs: indeed,
<em>Tengeriin Zadas</em> appoints the Milky Way. We could literally <em>Tengeriin Zadas</em> appoints the Milky Way. We could literally
translate this as the "Sky Line" (<em>Tengeriin</em> for the sky, translate this as the "Sky Line" (<em>Tengeriin</em> for the sky,
which also means the god of the sky, and <em>Zadas</em> for the which also means the god of the sky, and <em>Zadas</em> for the
line). Well known in Mongolian star lore concerns Alcor, the star line). Well known in Mongolian star lore concerns Alcor, the star
located above Mizar in the Big Bear. It symbolises the recover and located above Mizar in the Big Bear. It symbolises the recover and
protection star. It was placed here by <em>Tengeriin</em> (god of protection star. It was placed here by <em>Tengeriin</em> (god of
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Mongolia. </p> Mongolia. </p>
<blockquote><p>Once upon a time, there were eight orphan brothers <blockquote><p>Once upon a time, there were eight orphan brothers
gifted with outstanding capabilities living within a kingdom. The king gifted with outstanding capabilities living within a kingdom. The king
and the queen lived within it peacefully. One day, a monster came and and the queen lived within it peacefully. One day, a monster came and
kidnapped the queen. The king asked the eight brothers to bring her kidnapped the queen. The king asked the eight brothers to bring her
back and said: "If one of you succeeds to rescue my beloved, I will back and said: "If one of you succeeds to rescue my beloved, I will
give to him a golden arrow". The orphans went together to assist their give to him a golden arrow". The orphans went together to assist their
queen. They searched the monster during two days and three nights, queen. They searched the monster during two days and three nights,
when in the middle of the third night, they found and killed the when in the middle of the third night, they found and killed the
monster. They brought back the queen in the castel. </p><p>The king monster. They brought back the queen in the castle. </p><p>The king
did not cut out the arrow in eight parts, he decided to threw it in did not cut out the arrow in eight parts, he decided to threw it in
the sky. The first to catch it could keep it. The younger brother the sky. The first to catch it could keep it. The younger brother
succeeded the test and changed immediately into the North Star (Polar succeeded the test and changed immediately into the North Star (Polar
Star). The seven others changed into the seven gods, the seven Buddhas Star). The seven others changed into the seven gods, the seven Buddhas
visiting their younger brother every night.</em> The name <em>Doloon visiting their younger brother every night. The name <em>Doloon
burkhan</em> (the Seven Buddhas) come from this legend to appoint the burkhan</em> (the Seven Buddhas) come from this legend to appoint the
Great Bear and the Golden Stick, <em>Altan Hadaas</em>, the Polar Great Bear and the Golden Stick, <em>Altan Hadaas</em>, the Polar
Star.</p></blockquote> Star.</p></blockquote>
<p> A tradition, particularly delightful, concerns the link between <p> A tradition, particularly delightful, concerns the link between
Mongolian people and the Great Bear as one star of this constellation is Mongolian people and the Great Bear as one star of this constellation is
attributed to each of them. It depends on their birth year in the Chinese attributed to each of them. It depends on their birth year in the Chinese
calendar. Chinese and Mongolian calendars have some similarities (the calendar. Chinese and Mongolian calendars have some similarities (the
Mongolian calendar is a lunar calendar). Each year is Mongolian calendar is a lunar calendar). Each year is
symbolized by an animal, itself associated to a star of the symbolized by an animal, itself associated to a star of the
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<p> Three legends just as rich in meaning concern the Sun, eclipses <p> Three legends just as rich in meaning concern the Sun, eclipses
and <em>Hun Tavan Od</em> (Cassiopeia). However, they are nowadays and <em>Hun Tavan Od</em> (Cassiopeia). However, they are nowadays
neglected and almost forgotten by most Mongolians: </p> neglected and almost forgotten by most Mongolians: </p>
<h5>Sun</h5> <h5>Sun</h5>
<blockquote><p> At the origin of the world, there was only one man and <blockquote><p> At the origin of the world, there was only one man and
vast particularly dry meadows, burned by the seven suns which lit the vast particularly dry meadows, burned by the seven suns which lit the
world. This man, a very good archer, made the promise to the gods that world. This man, a very good archer, made the promise to the gods that
he pierced all these suns whithout missing a target even once. If he he pierced all these suns without missing a target even once. If he
should fail, he would cut himself all the fingers one by one and leave should fail, he would cut himself all the fingers one by one and leave
to live in a hole like a marmot (groundhog) to ward off the curse that to live in a hole like a marmot (groundhog) to ward off the curse that
would weigh on him. He took his bow, pulled a first arrow and hit his would weigh on him. He took his bow, pulled a first arrow and hit his
target. A second, a third until the sixth which destroyed the suns. He target. A second, a third until the sixth which destroyed the suns. He
finished by pulling his seventh arrow towards the last sun, when a finished by pulling his seventh arrow towards the last sun, when a
swallow flew off and passed through its direction. The bird was swallow flew off and passed through its direction. The bird was
hit. The man had not reach his goal, so he left towards exile in a hit. The man had not reach his goal, so he left towards exile in a
hole, cut his fingers and turned into a marmot. The swallow had just hole, cut his fingers and turned into a marmot. The swallow had just
saved our Sun, otherwise all life would have disappeared from the saved our Sun, otherwise all life would have disappeared from the
world's surface.</p></blockquote> world's surface.</p></blockquote>
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<em>Raah</em> devours the Moon or the Sun and they make a lot of noise <em>Raah</em> devours the Moon or the Sun and they make a lot of noise
so that the monster liberates the eclipsed star. In the 13th century, so that the monster liberates the eclipsed star. In the 13th century,
Guillaume de Rubruck wrote:</p> Guillaume de Rubruck wrote:</p>
<blockquote><p>"Some [Mongolian people] have knowledge in astronomy <blockquote><p>"Some [Mongolian people] have knowledge in astronomy
and predict them [to other Mongolian people] the Lunar and Solar and predict them [to other Mongolian people] the Lunar and Solar
eclipses and, when it is about to produce one, everybody stocks up on eclipses and, when it is about to produce one, everybody stocks up on
food because they do not pass the door of their habitation. And while food because they do not pass the door of their habitation. And while
the eclipse happened, they play the drum and instruments and do big the eclipse happened, they play the drum and instruments and do big
noise and clamors. When the eclipse is finished, they devote noise and clamors. When the eclipse is finished, they devote
thenselves to beverage and festivity and do big party." themselves to beverage and festivity and do big party."
</p></blockquote> </p></blockquote>
<p>(Source: <em>Les astres chez les Turcs et les Mongols</em> by Jean-Paul Roux <p>(Source: <em>Les astres chez les Turcs et les Mongols</em> by Jean-Paul Roux
(French). <em>Revue de l'histoire des religions</em>, tome 195 n°2, (French). <em>Revue de l'histoire des religions</em>, tome 195 n°2,
1979. pp; 153-192.) </p> 1979. pp; 153-192.) </p>
<p>Eclipse travelers in 2008 still witnessed drivers and cooks hiding <p>Eclipse travelers in 2008 still witnessed drivers and cooks hiding
in their tents and making noise with the pots. It seemed authentic, in their tents and making noise with the pots. It seemed authentic,
not a show for the tourists. Also note the similarity of <em>Raah</em> not a show for the tourists. Also note the similarity of <em>Raah</em>
with Indian <em>Rahu</em>.</p> with Indian <em>Rahu</em>.</p>
<h5>Cassiopeia (<em>Hun Tavan Od</em>)</h5> <h5>Cassiopeia (<em>Hun Tavan Od</em>)</h5>
<p>Cassopeia (<em>Hun Tavan Od</em>) symbolises unity, brotherhood, <p>Cassiopeia (<em>Hun Tavan Od</em>) symbolises unity, brotherhood,
solidarity for the Mongolians. The constellation's five stars solidarity for the Mongolians. The constellation's five stars
represent unity of the five children of Genghis Khan's wife, represent unity of the five children of Genghis Khan's wife,
Oulin. <p> Oulin. <p>
<blockquote><p>Them did not get well along with each other and <blockquote><p>Them did not get well along with each other and
squabbled all the time. Their mother decided to strongly tie five squabbled all the time. Their mother decided to strongly tie five
ropes, and each one should try to untie a knot. If they succeeded, it ropes, and each one should try to untie a knot. If they succeeded, it
meant that they didn't remain united with other, and that the meant that they didn't remain united with other, and that the
brotherhood didn't gather in hard times. Conversely, if the knots brotherhood didn't gather in hard times. Conversely, if the knots
withstood the test, the five brothers would remain united and close withstood the test, the five brothers would remain united and close
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